14 August 2003 Digital planar holography and multiplexer/demultiplexer with discrete dispersion
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Abstract
Digital Planar Holography (DPH) has arrived due to progress in microlithography, planar waveguide fabrication, and theoretical physics. A computer-generated hologram can be written by microlithography means on the surface of a planar waveguide. DPH combines flexibility of digital holograms, superposition property of volume (thick) holograms, and convenience of microlithographic mass production. DPH is a powerful passive light processor, and could be used to connect multiple optical devices in planar lightwave circuits (PLCs), and if combined with active elements on the same chip, may perform not only analog operations but also logical ones. A DPH implementation of a multiplexer/demultiplexer with discrete dispersion is proposed and demonstrated, avoiding communication signal distortion inherent in multiplexers/demultiplexers with continuous dispersion. The concept of discrete dispersion leads to a device with a flat top transfer function without a loss penalty. The dispersion is created with custom-designed bandgaps for specific directions. A DPH hologram resembles a poly-crystal with long-range correlations, and it exhibits the properties of a quasi-crystal. Unlike photonic crystals, light in quasi-crystal may propagate in almost any direction. Single mode planar waveguides are specially designed to suppress parasitic reflections that appear due to mixture of TE-modes, TM-modes, and cladding modes. Demultiplexers with 2-32 channels were demonstrated on planar waveguides with binary single-layer lithography.
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Vladimir Yankov, Vladimir Yankov, Sergey Babin, Sergey Babin, Igor Ivonin, Igor Ivonin, Alexander Goltsov, Alexander Goltsov, Anatolii Morozov, Anatolii Morozov, Leonid Polonskiy, Leonid Polonskiy, Michael Spector, Michael Spector, Andrei Talapov, Andrei Talapov, Ernst Bernhard Kley, Ernst Bernhard Kley, Holger Schmidt, Holger Schmidt, Robert P. Dahlgren, Robert P. Dahlgren, } "Digital planar holography and multiplexer/demultiplexer with discrete dispersion", Proc. SPIE 5246, Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications III, (14 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.511426; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.511426
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