8 December 2003 Red surface emitters: powerful and fast
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Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSEL) in the GaInP/AlGaInP material system have experienced a rapid development in their short history. In general lasers from that material system are suitable for a huge number of applications beginning with TV lasers and high power lasers for edge emitters, continuing with optical data storage, medical applications as well as data communication in cars, air planes, offices and between computers as application field for VCSELs. Especially automotive applications show the highest requirements on a laser with respect to operation temperature and power. In this talk we draw out the problems of the material system AlGaInP and its implications for laser applications. We discuss the epitaxial and technological solutions to overcome at least a part of these inherent problems. We will discuss the possible power that we can expect from VCSELs emitting in the range between 650 nm to 670 nm. We got from our lasers 5 mW, CW @ RT, 670nm and 2.5mW, CW@RT, 650 nm. We emphasize the role of doping, Bragg mirror grading, suitable detuning of cavity mode and gain, and optimisation of the contact layer and control of the oxide aperture in the VCSEL structure to get improved operation characteristics at higher temperatures. From the analysis of high frequency measurements, we could evaluate modulation bandwidths between 4 GHz and 10 GHz. The application of polyimide as a dielectric isolation material shows the potential to obtain modulation bandwidths beyond 10 GHz. For the intrinsic modulation bandwidth we get a value of 25 GHz, which is near the value edge emitters show. A more detailed discussion on photon lifetimes and carrier transport times will be given in the talk. Red light emitting VCSELS driven with short current pulses showed laser emission up to + 160°C case temperature. Thus, a CW operation up to +120°C can be expected after further improvement of power generation (decrease of series resistance) and heat spreading (optimized contacts and mounting). From these characteristics we can conclude that AlGaInP-surface emitting lasers have a real potential as low cost lasers for automotive applications as we all as data communication applications up to 10 GHz.
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Heinz Schweizer, Heinz Schweizer, Tabitha Ballmann, Tabitha Ballmann, Rainer Butendeich, Rainer Butendeich, Robert Rossbach, Robert Rossbach, Bernd Raabe, Bernd Raabe, Michael Jetter, Michael Jetter, Ferdinand Scholz, Ferdinand Scholz, } "Red surface emitters: powerful and fast", Proc. SPIE 5248, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices for Lightwave Communication, (8 December 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.512626; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.512626

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