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18 February 2004 Liquid crystal VAN tilt bias by surface relief patterning
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Abstract
Liquid Crystal Displays require controlled alignment of the liquid crystal molecular director at its confining surfaces. These surfaces may be coated glass or in the case of 'Liquid Crystal On Silicon’ (LCOS) technology, a silicon backplane. In the case of Vertically Aligned Nematic (VAN) cells an initially vertical orientation is used and from this the director may tilt in any direction. Some means is required to bias the tilt in a consistent direction to avoid the occurrence of differently oriented domains. For VAN cells one tilt bias method is oblique deposition of silicon oxide. An alternative method which eliminates concerns over consistency of deposition angle over a large substrate area is the use of surface relief structures to induce tilt bias. This is attractive for LCOS devices. Liquid crystal modeling tools have been used to simulate the effects of rectangular and triangular shaped 'bumps’ and 'dips’ protruding from and extending into the LC’s enclosing surfaces respectively. The director orientation and optical transmission of the LC pixels biased in this way are examined as a function of time during the switching cycle and spatially across the pixel to show that the combination provides controllable tilt bias.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mark C. Gardner, Sally E. Day, and F. Anibal Fernandez "Liquid crystal VAN tilt bias by surface relief patterning", Proc. SPIE 5249, Optical Design and Engineering, (18 February 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.513308
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