30 March 2004 Assessment tools for fuzzy clustered regions of interest for site-specific crop management
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Proceedings Volume 5271, Monitoring Food Safety, Agriculture, and Plant Health; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.516095
Event: Optical Technologies for Industrial, Environmental, and Biological Sensing, 2003, Providence, RI, United States
Abstract
Fuzzy excess green (ExG) crisp indices and clustering algorithms such as the Gustafson-Kessel (GK) have been successfully used for unsupervised classification of hidden and prominent regions of interest (ROI’s), namely green plants in crop color images against bare clay soil, corn residue and wheat residue, typical of the Great Plains. Each process can be enhanced with Zadeh (Z) and Gath-Geva (GG) fuzzy enhancement techniques. Enhanced indices and clusters can be then sorted by final degree of fuzziness, and recombined into labeled, false-color class images, which can be used as templates for further shape and textural analyses. ROI’s with the lowest degree of fuzziness were consistently found to be plant clusters according to foveated or prominence of the region size within the image. Clustering performance according to partition densities and hyper volume was also evaluated. These latter measures can be used to select the number of clusters and evaluate the computational time needed to find plant ROI’s with complex backgrounds under different lighting conditions. Enhanced GK clustering methods have performed very well and have identified plants in bare soil, corn residue plants , and wheat straw plants, well into the high 90 percentages, depending on plant age category and the relative proportion of plant size within the image. Improved clustering algorithms with textural finger printing could be potentially useful for unsupervised remote sensing, mapping, crop management, weed, and pest control for precision agriculture.
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George E. Meyer, George E. Meyer, Joao Camargo Neto, Joao Camargo Neto, David D. Jones, David D. Jones, } "Assessment tools for fuzzy clustered regions of interest for site-specific crop management", Proc. SPIE 5271, Monitoring Food Safety, Agriculture, and Plant Health, (30 March 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.516095; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.516095
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