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30 April 2004 Statistical characteristics of second-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers
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Proceedings Volume 5279, Optical Fibers and Passive Components; (2004)
Event: Asia-Pacific Optical and Wireless Communications, 2003, Wuhan, China
By modeling a long optical fiber as 1000 small fiber segments, we simulate the statistical characteristics of PMD up to second order including the DGD, the parallel component of DGD slope, the perpendicular component of depolarization, and second-order PMD (SOPMD) denoted as the sum of the both components for 106 fiber realizations. Through simulations, we found that the higher PMD value, the larger the covered range of the DGD slope, PSP rotation rate, depolarization, and SOPMD is. For certain PMD value, although the maximum (average) PSP rotation rate decreases rapidly with instantaneous DGD value increasing, the maximum depolarization increases with instantaneous DGD before DGD reaches 2 times of PMD value, then begins to decrease. The average depolarization increases almost linearly with instantaneous DGD value. Maximum DGD slope also increases firstly, then decreases with instantaneous DGD, but average DGD slope almost does not change with DGD value. Also, we found by simulations that depolarization dominates in second-order PMD and DGD slope only has little contribution.
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Hongxiang Wang, Yuefeng Ji, Yaojun Qiao, and Tamio Saito "Statistical characteristics of second-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers", Proc. SPIE 5279, Optical Fibers and Passive Components, (30 April 2004);

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