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28 April 2004 Data forwarding mechanism for supporting real-time services during relocations in UMTS systems
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Proceedings Volume 5284, Wireless Communications and Networks; (2004)
Event: Asia-Pacific Optical and Wireless Communications, 2003, Wuhan, China
To minimize the interruption during the handovers or relocations invoked by subscribers moving is a very critical factor to enhance the performance of the UMTS systems. We know that the 2G systems have been optimized to minimize the interruption of speech during handovers by two main technologies: one is the bi-casting for the DL traffic and the other is the fast radio resynchronization by the UE for the UL traffic. In the UMTS systems, we have also implemented lossless relocations for non real-time services with high reliability by data buffering in the source RNC and target RNC for the UE. However, the UMTS systems support four QoS classes traffic flow: conversational class, streaming class, interactive class and background class. The main distinguishing factor between these QoS classes is how delay sensitive the traffic is: Conversational and Streaming classes are mainly used to carry real-time traffic flows, like video telephony, interactive and background classes are mainly used by traditional Internet applications like WWW, E-mail and FTP. It’s essential to provide the solutions for supporting real-time services to meet the requirement for QoS in UMTS systems. Apparently, the Data buffering mechanism is not adapted to real-time services because of it’s delay may exceed the basic requirement for real-time services. Under this background, the paper discussed two data forwarding solutions for real-time services from the PS domain in the UMTS systems: packet duplication and Core Network bi-casting. The former mechanism does not require any new procedures, messages nor information elements. The later mechanism requires that the GGSN or SGSN is able to bi-cast the DL traffic to the target RNC according to the relocations involving two SGSNs or just involving one SGSN. It also implicitly shows that we need change procedures at the nodes SGSN, GGSN and RNC which are involved in the relocation procedure based on existing procedures that we have already designed if adopt the later solution. In a detail way, the paper analyzed the characteristic for these two solutions respectively, concentrated on the packet flows and the message flows in those nodes involved in relocations. Additionally, also gave out the impact on present transport technologies in the wireless communication systems. However we shall minimize the impact of evolution of transport mechanism and utilize the resource efficiently according to the general requirements for QoS in UMTS systems.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Wei Cai, Xianglong Liao, Liang Zheng, and Zehong Liu "Data forwarding mechanism for supporting real-time services during relocations in UMTS systems", Proc. SPIE 5284, Wireless Communications and Networks, (28 April 2004);


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