28 May 2004 Fuzzy C-means classification for corrosion evolution of steel images
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An unavoidable problem of metal structures is their exposure to rust degradation during their operational life. Thus, the surfaces need to be assessed in order to avoid potential catastrophes. There is considerable interest in the use of patch repair strategies which minimize the project costs. However, to operate such strategies with confidence in the long useful life of the repair, it is essential that the condition of the existing coatings and the steel substrate can be accurately quantified and classified. This paper describes the application of fuzzy set theory for steel surfaces classification according to the steel rust time. We propose a semi-automatic technique to obtain image clustering using the Fuzzy C-means (FCM) algorithm and we analyze two kinds of data to study the classification performance. Firstly, we investigate the use of raw images’ pixels without any pre-processing methods and neighborhood pixels. Secondly, we apply Gaussian noise to the images with different standard deviation to study the FCM method tolerance to Gaussian noise. The noisy images simulate the possible perturbations of the images due to the weather or rust deposits in the steel surfaces during typical on-site acquisition procedures
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Maite Trujillo, Maite Trujillo, Mustapha Sadki, Mustapha Sadki, } "Fuzzy C-means classification for corrosion evolution of steel images", Proc. SPIE 5298, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems III, (28 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.527116; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.527116

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