22 June 2004 Secure background watermarking based on video mosaicing
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Abstract
Digital watermarking was introduced during the last decade as a complementary technology to protect digital multimedia data. Watermarking digital video material has already been studied, but it is still usually regarded as watermarking a sequence of still images. However, it is well-known that such straightforward frame-by-frame approaches result in low performance in terms of security. In particular, basic intra-video collusion attacks can easily defeat basic embedding strategies. In this paper, an extension of the simple temporal frame averaging attack will be presented, which basically considers frame registration to enlarge the averaging temporal window size. With this attack in mind, video processing, especially video mosaicing, will be considered to produce a temporally coherent watermark. In other words, an embedding strategy will be proposed which ensures that all the projections of a given 3D point in a movie set carry the same watermark sample along a video scene. Finally, there will be a discussion regarding the impact of this novel embedding strategy on different relevant parameters in digital watermarking e.g. capacity, visibility, robustness and security.
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Gwenael Doerr, Gwenael Doerr, Jean-Luc Dugelay, Jean-Luc Dugelay, } "Secure background watermarking based on video mosaicing", Proc. SPIE 5306, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents VI, (22 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.526914; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.526914
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