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28 May 2004 Effect of instrumentation with different irrigating solutions and with or without Er:YAG laser irradiation on radicular dentine permeability
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This study evaluated radicular dentine permeability of root canal walls when using different irrigating solutions associated or not with Er:YAG laser. Fifty human maxillary incisors, obtained from laboratory stock, were randomly divided into ten groups of five teeth each. External surfaces of the teeth were impermeabilized with cyanoacrylate (Super Bonder). After chamber access, the root canals were instrumented with the step-back technique. Ten ml of irrigating solution was used in each root canal. Group I: irrigated with distilled and deionized water; Group II: irrigated as Group I and irradiated with laser; Group III: irrigated with 0.1% laurel diethyleneglycol ether sodium sulfate; Group IV: irrigated as Group III and irradiated with laser; Group V: irrigated with 1% sodium hypochlorite; Group VI: irrigated as Group V and irradiated with laser; Group VII: irrigated with 15% EDTA; Group VIII: irrigated as Group VII and irradiated with laser; Group IX: irrigated with 10% citric acid; Group X: irrigated as Group IX and irradiated with laser. Laser (KaVo Key Laser II) was applied with the following parameters: 15 Hz, 300 pulses, 42 J total energy, and 140mJ input and 51mJ ouput. The fiber optic tip was introduced until the apex and the laser was activated. The tip was withdrawn gently with helicoidally movement from the apex until the cervical portion. After preparation of the root canals, the root were immersed in 10% copper sulfate for 30 minute and then immersed in 1% rubeanic acid alcohol solution for the same period. The roots were sectioned transversally into 150μm slices, sanded, washed, dehydrated, cleared and mounted on glass slides for microscopic examination. The quantification of the penetration of copper ions was done by morphometric analysis. Results showed that distilled and deionized water + laser and 1% sodium hypochlorite presented the highest dentine permeability (p>0.05) and was statistically different from the other groups (p<0.05). The use of 0.1% laurel diethyleneglycol ether dodiu7m sulfate and distilled and deionized water showed less of an increase in dentiene permeability than the other studied solutions and were statistically similar. One percent sodium hypochloroite +laser, EDTA + laser, citric acid + laser, 0.1% laurel diethyleneglycol ether sodium sulfate + laser and EDTA, citric acid were statistically similar (p>0.05) and showed intermediate values of dentine permeability when compared to the other treatments.
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Jesus Djalma Pecora, Rodrigo Goncalves Ribeiro, Melissa Andreia Marchesan, and Aldo Brugnera Jr. "Effect of instrumentation with different irrigating solutions and with or without Er:YAG laser irradiation on radicular dentine permeability", Proc. SPIE 5313, Lasers in Dentistry X, (28 May 2004);

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