1 July 2004 Factor analysis for comparing NIR reflection and transmittance for noninvasive glucose measurement
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For noninvasive measurement of bio-fluid substances in human body based on optical spectroscopy, optical measurement system is one of the most important parts. We studied glucose specificities by analyzing the factors in the partial least squares regression models for the two cases of reflectance and transmittance measurements. Glucose -intralipid solutions were used as the samples whose scatterer's concentrations were varied. We used intralipid concentrations of 4%, 4.08% and 4.16% in the solution and these values were comparable to tissue scattering. Temperature was maintained at 30°C during measurement. Factor analysis for reflectance data didn't show glucose absorption feature and the factors were very noisy particularly in the combination band. It is speculated that light does not have enough information of glucose since the pathlength in reflectance is very short. On the other hand, the factors obtained from the PLS analysis of transmittance revealed glucose signatures. We suggest that transmittance measurement is preferred for in vivo glucose monitoring than reflectance measurement.
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Kye Jin Jeon, Kye Jin Jeon, Sangjoon Hahn, Sangjoon Hahn, In Duk Hwang, In Duk Hwang, Gilwon Yoon, Gilwon Yoon, "Factor analysis for comparing NIR reflection and transmittance for noninvasive glucose measurement", Proc. SPIE 5318, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems II, (1 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.529728; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.529728

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