18 June 2004 Characterization of human skin through photoacoustic spectroscopy
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The photoacoustic technique is based on the absorption of modulated light by a sample and subsequent heat generation. This generates thermal waves that propagate in the surrounding media. According to the Rosencwaig-Gersho Model, such waves produce the pressure oscillation detected as the photoacoustic signal. This technique allows the spectroscopic characterization of multilayer systems: as the thermal diffusion length varies with the modulation frequency of the absorbed light, the depth profile of a sample can be studied by the analysis of the photoacoustic signal at different modulation frequencies. In this work, photoacoustic spectroscopy was used to characterize different human skin samples. Measurements were performed at 70Hz and 17Hz, using a 1000W Xe arc lamp as the light source, for wavelengths between 240nm and 700nm. Skin samples were about 0,5cm diameter. It was possible to obtain the photoacoustic absorption spectra of the stratum corneum and of a deeper layer of epidermis; when the lower modulation frequency is utilized, photoacoustic spectroscopy characterizes the absorption of the whole epidermis, because in this case the thermal diffusion length is thicker than that of the stratum corneum. Photoacoustic spectroscopy was also employed to monitor the drying kinetics of the skin. This was done by analyzing the time evolution of the photoacoustic spectra of skin samples. Pre-treatment of the samples included different periods in a drying chamber. Measurements show that the photoacoustic spectra changes according to the humidity of the skin. Future work includes detailed monitoring of skin hydration.
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Paula Cristina Bueno Rompe, Paula Cristina Bueno Rompe, Fernanda Henrique dos Anjos, Fernanda Henrique dos Anjos, Airton A. Martin, Airton A. Martin, Antonio M. Mansanares, Antonio M. Mansanares, Edson C. da Silva, Edson C. da Silva, Daniel Acosta-Avalos, Daniel Acosta-Avalos, Paulo Roxo Barja, Paulo Roxo Barja, "Characterization of human skin through photoacoustic spectroscopy", Proc. SPIE 5325, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing IV, (18 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.529777; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.529777

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