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18 June 2004 Compact TCSPC upgrade package for laser scanning microscopes based on 375- to 470-nm picosecond diode lasers
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Abstract
We present the technical integration of state-of-the-art picosecond diode laser sources and data acquisition electronics in conventional laser scanning microscopes. This offers users of laser scanning microscopes an easy upgrade path towards time-resolved measurements. Our setup uses picosecond diode lasers from 375 nm, 405 nm, 440 nm and 470 nm for fluorescence excitation which are coupled in through a sole single mode fiber. The detected signal is guided to a photon counting detector, such as Photomultiplier Tubes (PMT) or Single Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPAD). This combines the outstanding sensitivity of photon counting detectors with the ease of use of diode laser sources, to allow time-resolved measurements of fluorescence decays with resolutions down to picoseconds. The synchronization signals from the laser scanning microscope are fed into the data stream recorded by the TimeHarp 200 TCSPC5,7 system, via the unique Time-Tagged Time-Resolved (TTTR)6 data acquisition mode. In this TTTR data acquisition mode each photon is recorded individually with its specific parameters as detector channel, picosecond timing, global arrival time and, in this special application, up to three additional markers. These markers, in combination with the global arrival time, allow the system software to reconstruct the complete image and subsequently fit the full fluorescence lifetime image. The multi-parameter data acquisition scheme of the TimeHarp 200 electronics not only records each parameter individually, but offers in addition the opportunity to analyse the parameter dependencies in a multitude of different ways. This method allows not only to calculate the fluorescence fluctuation correlation function (FCS) on any single spot of interest but also to reconstruct the fluorescence decay of each image pixel and detector channel for the purpose of Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging (FLIM) or advanced Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) analysis. We present here some selected results acquired with standard laser scanning microscopes upgraded for the time-correlated single photon counting technique.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Uwe Ortmann, T. Dertinger, Michael Wahl, Matthias Patting, and Rainer Erdmann "Compact TCSPC upgrade package for laser scanning microscopes based on 375- to 470-nm picosecond diode lasers", Proc. SPIE 5325, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing IV, (18 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.536888; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.536888
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