28 May 2004 The influence of glucose upon the transport of light through the whole blood
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Abstract
Optical properties of whole bovine blood are examined under conditions of different glucose loadings. A strong dependency is established between the scattering properties of the whole blood matrix and the concentration of glucose. This dependency is explained in terms of variations in the refractive index mismatch between the scattering bodies (predominately red blood cells) and the surrounding plasma, and also by variations in the size and shape of the red blood cells. Measurements in the presence of a well-known glucose transport inhibitor indicate that variations in refractive index mismatch are related to the penetration of glucose into the red blood cells. In addition, results measure the glucose dependent aggregation properties of red blood cells. In this experiment, pulsations in transmitted light intensity are explained by cycles of aggregation and disaggregation of red blood cells in response to a propagating pump wave through the blood matrix. Magnitude of these pulsations depends on the concentration of glucose in the sample. Results are also presented to characterize the time-dependent variation in light transmission in response to a step change in glucose concentration. Finally, multivariate calibration models are presented for the measurement of glucose in a whole blood matrix. These models are based on near infrared spectra and Kromoscopy data collected from eighty different samples prepared from a single whole blood matrix. The best model is generated for combination near infrared spectra, which provides a standard error of prediction is less than 1 mM over a concentration range of 3 to 30 mM.
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Airat K. Amerov, Airat K. Amerov, Jun Chen, Jun Chen, Gary W. Small, Gary W. Small, Mark A. Arnold, Mark A. Arnold, } "The influence of glucose upon the transport of light through the whole blood", Proc. SPIE 5330, Complex Dynamics, Fluctuations, Chaos, and Fractals in Biomedical Photonics, (28 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.535309; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.535309
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