16 June 2004 Fiber coupling efficiency for free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 5338, Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XVI; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.528353
Event: Lasers and Applications in Science and Engineering, 2004, San Jose, Ca, United States
High-speed free-space optical communication systems have recently utilized components that have been developed for fiber-optic communication systems. The received laser beam in such a system must be coupled into a single-mode fiber at the input of a commercially available receiver module or a wavelength division demultiplexer. However, propagation through atmospheric turbulence destroys the spatial coherence of a laser beam and limits how much of the available power can be coupled into the single-mode fiber. In this paper, we numerically evaluate fiber coupling efficiency for laser light distorted by atmospheric turbulence. This involves the overlap integral of the optical field and the fiber mode and the calculation makes use of the mutual coherence function of the incident light. The results for weak fluctuation conditions indicate what level of coupling efficiency can be expected for a given turbulence strength. In addition, the results provide an estimate of how long the link distance can be before the coupling efficiency degrades to an unacceptable level.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Yamac Dikmelik, Yamac Dikmelik, Frederic M. Davidson, Frederic M. Davidson, "Fiber coupling efficiency for free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence", Proc. SPIE 5338, Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XVI, (16 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.528353; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.528353

Back to Top