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6 July 2004 Spin angular momentum transfer in a current-perpendicular spin-valve nanomagnet
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Abstract
Spin-angular momentum transfer (or spin-transfer for short) describes the angular momentum exchange between a spin-polarized current and a ferromagnetic conductor. When the conductor dimensions are reduced to around 100nm or below, the spin-angular momentum transfer effect becomes significant compared to the current-induced magnetic field. This paper describes some recent spin-transfer experimental findings in sub-100nm current-perpendicular spin-valve systems consisting of Co-Cu-Co nanopillars. The spin-transfer current is shown to cause a magnetic reversal of the thinner magnetic layer inside the nanopillar. The reversal is experimentally shown to reach sub-nanosecond speed. The effect of spin-transfer is best understood in terms of its modification to the effective Landau-Lifshiz-Gilbert damping coefficient, either increasing or decreasing its value depending on the direction and magnitude of the spin-polarized current. For sufficiently large spin-current, the net damping coefficient may change sign, resulting in amplification of magnetic precession, leading to a magnetic reversal. At finite temperatures, the effect of spin-transfer is to either increase or decrease the thermal agitation of the nanomagnet. A quantitative model is developed that adequately describes the finite temperature experimental observations of the dynamic spin-transfer effect.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jonathan Z. Sun, T. S. Kuan, J. A. Katine, and Roger H. Koch "Spin angular momentum transfer in a current-perpendicular spin-valve nanomagnet", Proc. SPIE 5359, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices, (6 July 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.521195
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