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11 May 2004 Quantum cascade photonic-crystal microlasers
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Abstract
We describe the realization of Quantum Cascade photonic-crystal microlasers. Photonic and electronic bandstructure engineering are combined to create a novel Quantum Cascade microcavity laser source. A high-index contrast two-dimensional photonic crystal forms a micro-resonator that provides feedback for laser action and diffracts light vertically from the surface of the semiconductor chip. A top metallic contact is used to form both a conductive path for current injection as well as to provide vertical optical confinement to the active region through a bound surface plasmon state at the metal-semiconductor interface. The device is miniaturized compared to standard Quantum Cascade technology, and the emission properties can in principle be engineered by design of the photonic crystal lattice. The combination of size reduction, vertical emission, and lithographic tailorability of the emission properties enabled by the use of a high-index contrast photonic crystal resonant cavity makes possible a number of active sensing applications in the mid- and far-infrared. In addition, the use of electrical pumping in these devices opens up another dimension of control for fundamental studies of photonic crystal and surface plasmon structures in linear, non-linear, and near-field optics.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Raffaele Colombelli, Kartik Srinivasan, Mariano Troccoli, Oskar J. Painter, Claire F. Gmachl, Donald M Tennant, A. Michael Sergent, Deborah L Sivco, Alfred Y Cho, and Federico Capasso "Quantum cascade photonic-crystal microlasers", Proc. SPIE 5365, Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers III, (11 May 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.532586
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