5 May 2004 Usefulness of image morphing techniques in cancer treatment by conformal radiotherapy
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Conformal radiotherapy is a cancer treatment technique, that targets high-energy X-rays to tumors with minimal exposure to surrounding healthy tissues. Irradiation ballistics is calculated based on an initial 3D Computerized Tomography (CT) scan. At every treatment session, the random positioning of the patient, compared to the reference position defined by the initial 3D CT scan, can generate treatment inaccuracies. Positioning errors potentially predispose to dangerous exposure to healthy tissues as well as insufficient irradiation to the tumor. A proposed solution would be the use of portal images generated by Electronic Portal Imaging Devices (EPID). Portal images (PI) allow a comparison with reference images retained by physicians, namely Digitally Reconstructed Radiographs (DRRs). At present, physicians must estimate patient positional errors by visual inspection. However, this may be inaccurate and consumes time. The automation of this task has been the subject of many researches. Unfortunately, the intensive use of DRRs and the high computing time required have prevented real time implementation. We are currently investigating a new method for DRR generation that calculates intermediate DRRs by 2D deformation of previously computed DRRs. We approach this investigation with the use of a morphing-based technique named mesh warping.
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Hussein Atoui, Hussein Atoui, David Sarrut, David Sarrut, Serge Miguet, Serge Miguet, } "Usefulness of image morphing techniques in cancer treatment by conformal radiotherapy", Proc. SPIE 5367, Medical Imaging 2004: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Display, (5 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.533009; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.533009

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