We study the properties of a new microangiographic system, consisting of a Region of Interest (ROI) microangiographic detector, x-ray source, and patient. The study was performed under conditions intended for clinical procedures such as neurological diagnostic angiograms as well as treatments of intracranial aneurysms, and vessel-stenoses. The study was performed in two steps; first a uniform head equivalent phantom was used as a “filter”. This allowed us to study the properties of the detector alone, under clinically relevant x-ray spectra. We report the detector MTF, NPS, NEQ, and DQE for beam energies ranging from 60-100kVp and for different detector entrance exposures. For the second step, the phantom was placed adjacent to the detector, allowing scatter to enter the detector and new measurements were obtained for the same beam energies and detector entrance exposures. Different radiation field sizes were studied, and the effects of different scatter amounts were investigated. The spatial distribution of scatter was studied using the edge-spread method and a generalized system MTF was obtained by combining the scatter MTF weighted by the scatter fraction with the detector MTF and focal spot unsharpness due to magnification. The NPS combined with the generalized MTF gave the generalized system NEQ and DQE. The generalized NEQ and the ideal object detectability were used to calculate the Dose Area Product to the patient for 75% object detection probability. This was used as a system optimization method.