30 April 2004 Automated 4D lung computed tomography reconstruction during free breathing for conformal radiation therapy
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We are developing 4D-CT to provide breathing motion information (trajectories) for radiation therapy treatment planning of lung cancer. Potential applications include optimization of intensity-modulated beams in the presence of breathing motion and intra-fraction target volume margin determination for conformal therapy. The images are acquired using a multi-slice CT scanner while the patient undergoes simultaneous quantitative spirometry. At each couch position, the CT scanner is operated in ciné mode and acquires up to 15 scans of 12 slices each. Each CT scan is associated with the measured tidal volume for retrospective reconstruction of 3D CT scans at arbitrary tidal volumes. The specific tasks of this project involves the development of automated registration of internal organ motion (trajectories) during breathing. A modified least-squares based optical flow algorithm tracks specific features of interest by modifying the eigenvalues of gradient matrix (gradient structural tensor). Good correlations between the measured motion and spirometry-based tidal volume are observed and evidence of internal hysteresis is also detected.
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Issam M. El Naqa, Issam M. El Naqa, Daniel A. Low, Daniel A. Low, Gary E. Christensen, Gary E. Christensen, Parag J. Parikh, Parag J. Parikh, Joo Hyun Song, Joo Hyun Song, Michelle M. Nystrom, Michelle M. Nystrom, Wei Lu, Wei Lu, Joseph O. Deasy, Joseph O. Deasy, James P. Hubenschmidt, James P. Hubenschmidt, Sasha H. Wahab, Sasha H. Wahab, Sasa Mutic, Sasa Mutic, Anurag K. Singh, Anurag K. Singh, Jeffrey D. Bradley, Jeffrey D. Bradley, } "Automated 4D lung computed tomography reconstruction during free breathing for conformal radiation therapy", Proc. SPIE 5369, Medical Imaging 2004: Physiology, Function, and Structure from Medical Images, (30 April 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.536141; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.536141

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