20 May 2004 Optimized glass-ceramic substrate materials for EUVL applications
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Abstract
EUV substrate materials have to meet enhanced requirements with respect to extreme low thermal expansion, high homogeneity and superior surface quality. A SCHOTT R&D program aims at the development of advanced materials covering these various aspects. The glass-ceramic Zerodur (registered trademark) of SCHOTT represents a substrate material currently used for EUV masks and optics of first generation tools due to its extremely low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and its excellent homogeneity. Zerodur(registered trademark) even allows continuous shifting of the position of zero crossing of the CTE-slope to control the thermal expansion behavior according to varying customer requirements: As a result of specifically adjusted process parameters, samples of Zerodur (registered trademark) exhibit a coefficient of thermal expansion CTE < 5 ppb/K corresponding to the lowest expansion class of the SEMI standard P37 (19 to 25°C) for EUV mask blanks. By further variation of process parameters, the position of zero crossing, e.g. at 22.5°C or 30°C, can be varied, revealing an attractive attribute feature of Zerodur (registered trademark). A new dilatometer type reveals an improved reproducibility of ~ 1ppb/K in the temperature range of 0 to 50°C. A series of CTE(0;50°C) measurements with a test-cube of Zerodur (registered trademark) provides information on CTE homogeneity on a cm-scale: no CTE variation was observed within the error of measurements (1ppb/K) for a block exhibiting ± 3.5*10-6 variation in refractive index. CTE variation can cause surface deformations during changing temperature conditions. A Fizeau-Interferometer was used to record surface roughness at two different temperatures. This non- destructive metrology is regarded as a method to distinguish CTE variation < 1ppb/K. The surface deformation of Zerodur (registered trademark) due to elevated temperature was determined to be lower than the resolution. Both methods to analyze the CTE homogeneity of Zerodur (registered trademark) lead to the result of CTE variation below 1 ppb/K. Surface treatment of glass-ceramic material is a major challenge as final finishing of EUV substrates may increase roughness of super-polished surfaces significantly. Improved new glass-ceramic materials demonstrate optimization of glass-ceramic compositions to nearly meeting the specification of surface roughness after a standard finishing process. Recent achievements of material development reveal CTE-performance of this new glass-ceramic to also be adjustable to varying customer needs as already known for Zerodur (registered trademark). These results are regarded as a promising milestone to develop an optimized glass-ceramic material, because the features of the modified New-Glass Ceramic now better match the key requirements of EUVL substrate materials.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ina Mitra, Jochen Alkemper, Rolf Mueller, Uwe Nolte, Axel Engel, Hrabanus Hack, Heiko Kohlmann, Volker Wittmer, Wolfgang Pannhorst, Mark J. Davis, Lutz Aschke, and Konrad Knapp "Optimized glass-ceramic substrate materials for EUVL applications", Proc. SPIE 5374, Emerging Lithographic Technologies VIII, (20 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.535193; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.535193
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