7 July 2004 Layer-Oriented on paper, laboratory, and soon on the sky
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Proceedings Volume 5382, Second Backaskog Workshop on Extremely Large Telescopes; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.566345
Event: Second Backaskog Workshop on Extremely Large Telescopes, 2003, Backaskog, Sweden
Abstract
Layer Oriented represented in the last few years a new and promising aproach to solve the problems related to the limited field of view achieved by classical Adaptive Optics systems. It is basically a different approach to multi conjugate adaptive optics, in which pupil plane wavefront sensors (like the pyramid one) are conjugated to the same altitudes as the deformable mirrors. Each wavefront sensor is independently driving its conjugated deformable mirror thus simplifying strongly the complexity of the wavefront computers used to reconstruct the deformations and drive the mirror themselves, fact that can become very important in the case of extremely large telescopes where the complexity is a serious issue. The fact of using pupil plane wavefront sensors allow for optical co-addition of the light at the level of the detector thus increasing the SNR of the system and permitting the usage of faint stars, improving the efficiency of the wavefront sensor. Furthermore if coupled to the Pyramid wavefront sensor (because of its high sensitivity), this technique is actually peforming a very efficient usage of the light leading to the expectation that, even by using only natural guide stars, a good sky coverage can be achieved, above all in the case of giant telescopes. These are the main reasons for which in the last two years several projects decided to make MCAO systems based on the Layer Oriented technique. This is the case of MAD (an MCAO demonstrator that ESO is building with one wavefront sensing channel based on the Layer Oriented concept) and NIRVANA (an instrument for LBT). Few months ago we built and successfully tested a first prototype of a layer oriented wavefront sensor and experiments and demonstrations on the sky are foreseen even before the effective first light of the above mentioned instruments. The current situation of all these projects is presented, including the extensive laboratory testing and the on-going experiments on the sky.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jacopo Farinato, Jacopo Farinato, Roberto Ragazzoni, Roberto Ragazzoni, Carmelo Arcidiacono, Carmelo Arcidiacono, Bagnara Paolo, Bagnara Paolo, Andrea Baruffolo, Andrea Baruffolo, Harald Baumeister, Harald Baumeister, Raffaella Bisson, Raffaella Bisson, Hermann Bohnhardt, Hermann Bohnhardt, Angela Brindisi, Angela Brindisi, Joar Brynnel, Joar Brynnel, Massimo Cecconi, Massimo Cecconi, Julien Coyne, Julien Coyne, Bernhard Delabre, Bernhard Delabre, Emiliano Diolaiti, Emiliano Diolaiti, Rob Donaldson, Rob Donaldson, Enrico Fedrigo, Enrico Fedrigo, Francis Franza, Francis Franza, Wolfgang Gassler, Wolfgang Gassler, Adriano Ghedina, Adriano Ghedina, Thomas M. Herbst, Thomas M. Herbst, Norbert N. Hubin, Norbert N. Hubin, Stephan Kellner, Stephan Kellner, Johann Kolb, Johann Kolb, Jean-Louis Lizon, Jean-Louis Lizon, Matteo Lombini, Matteo Lombini, Enrico Marchetti, Enrico Marchetti, Gianluigi Meneghini, Gianluigi Meneghini, Lars Mohr, Lars Mohr, Roland Reiss, Roland Reiss, Ralf-Rainer Rohloff, Ralf-Rainer Rohloff, Roberto Soci, Roberto Soci, Elise Vernet, Elise Vernet, Robert Weiss, Robert Weiss, Marco Xompero, Marco Xompero, Wenli Xu, Wenli Xu, } "Layer-Oriented on paper, laboratory, and soon on the sky", Proc. SPIE 5382, Second Backaskog Workshop on Extremely Large Telescopes, (7 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.566345; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.566345
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