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7 July 2004 Optical performance of pupil segmentation for 20- to 30-m class telescopes
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Proceedings Volume 5382, Second Backaskog Workshop on Extremely Large Telescopes; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.566321
Event: Second Backaskog Workshop on Extremely Large Telescopes, 2003, Backaskog, Sweden
Abstract
Next generation giant telescopes are under study around the world, with great variety in size and pupil segmentation scheme. We present performance calculations for different pupil segmentation geometries for 20 - 30 m class telescopes. Parameters include segment size and shape, gap diffraction, and segment surface errors. Optical performance is evaluated through point-spread function (PSF) calculation for the different concepts. Segments are large, 8m-class, circular or polygonal mirrors, or small, 2m-class, hexagonal mirrors. These options represent the choices of the different communities involved in the studies for the Next Generation Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. Our segmentation scheme consists of eight 8m-class polygonal petals forming a filled octagonal 20 m pupil. All segment and pupil edges are along four unique directions, minimizing the number of diffraction arms in the PSF, and creating large areas of low levels of scattered light close to the core. This is important for high-dynamic range imaging. Comparison between polygonal and circular petals shows that, in addition to the presence of low-scatter areas, the encircled energy is higher. Impact on optical performance of atmospheric perturbations and residual wavefront errors after correction by an Adaptive Optics system are also discussed.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Frederic Zamkotsian, Kjetil Dohlen, and Thierry Fusco "Optical performance of pupil segmentation for 20- to 30-m class telescopes", Proc. SPIE 5382, Second Backaskog Workshop on Extremely Large Telescopes, (7 July 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.566321
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