21 July 2004 A comparison of feature-based classifiers for ultrasonic structural health monitoring
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Abstract
Diffuse ultrasonic signals received from ultrasonic sensors which are permanently mounted near, on or in critical structures of complex geometry are very difficult to interpret because of multiple modes and reflections constructively and destructively interfering. Both changing environmental and structural conditions affect the ultrasonic wave field, and the resulting changes in the received signals are similar and of the same magnitude. This paper describes a differential feature-based classifier approach to address the problem of determining if a structural change has actually occurred. Classifiers utilizing time and frequency domain features are compared to classifiers based upon time-frequency representations. Experimental data are shown from a metallic specimen subjected to both environmental changes and the introduction of artificial damage. Results show that both types of classifiers are successful in discriminating between environmental and structural changes. Furthermore, classifiers developed for one particular structure were successfully applied to a second one that was created by modifying the first structure. Best results were obtained using a classifier based upon features calculated from time-frequency regions of the spectrogram.
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Jennifer E. Michaels, Jennifer E. Michaels, Adam C. Cobb, Adam C. Cobb, Thomas E. Michaels, Thomas E. Michaels, } "A comparison of feature-based classifiers for ultrasonic structural health monitoring", Proc. SPIE 5394, Health Monitoring and Smart Nondestructive Evaluation of Structural and Biological Systems III, (21 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.540087; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.540087
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