21 September 2004 An NQR study of the crystalline structure of TNT
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Proceedings Volume 5415, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX; (2004); doi: 10.1117/12.545029
Event: Defense and Security, 2004, Orlando, Florida, United States
Abstract
A comparison of the NQR parameters of the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases of TNT and their relation to the twist or dihedral angle between the plane of the NO2 substituents and that of the benzene ring as determined in the X-Ray crystal structure analysis enables an assignment of different frequencies to specific sites in the two independent molecules in the unit cell of both forms to be made. The slow transformation of the metastable orthorhombic phase to monoclinic can then be followed by monitoring the NQR spectrum in which specific lines can be assigned to molecular sites in the two phases. NQR spectra of TNT referred to in the literature often differ; this could be due partly to the TNT often being a mixture of monoclinic and orthorhombic phases and partly to changes in the spectral line width, factors which must be taken into account when NQR is used to detect landmines.
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Robert Menzies Deas, Michael J. Gaskell, Kathryn Long, Neil F. Peirson, Michael D. Rowe, John A. S. Smith, "An NQR study of the crystalline structure of TNT", Proc. SPIE 5415, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX, (21 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.545029; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.545029
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KEYWORDS
Crystals

Land mines

Explosives

Molecules

Crystallography

Signal detection

Temperature metrology

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