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21 September 2004 Numerical simulation of the chemical-signature-compounds transport from a mine field
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The transport of the chemical signature compounds from buried landmines in a three-dimensional minefield array has been numerically modeled using the finite-volume technique. Compounds such as trinitrotoluene and dinitrotoluene are semi-volatile and somewhat soluble in water; furthermore, they can strongly adsorb to the soil and undergo chemical and biological degradation. Consequently, the spatial and temporal distributions of such chemicals depend on the mobility of the water and gaseous phases, their molecular and mechanical diffusion, adsorption characteristics, soil water content and compaction, and environmental factors. Surface concentrations decrease, when precipitation occurs due to advective flux around the object. Deformation in the concentrations contours after rainfall is observed in the inclined surface case and it is attributed to both: the advective flux, and to the water flux at the surface caused by the inclination. The LaGrit code developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was used to generate the 3D grid array and to place several landmines at different underground positions. The simulations were performed by using the Finite-Element Heat and Mass-transfer code also developed originally at LANL.
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Ernesto Emmanuel Borrero, Julio G. Briano, Miguel E. Castro, and Samuel P. Hernandez-Rivera "Numerical simulation of the chemical-signature-compounds transport from a mine field", Proc. SPIE 5415, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX, (21 September 2004);

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