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21 September 2004 Potential benefits of combining EMI and GPR for enhanced UXO discrimination at highly contaminated sites
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In highly contaminated unexploded ordnance (UXO) cleanup sites, multiple metallic subsurface objects may appear within the field of view of the sensor simultaneously, both for electromagnetic induction (EMI) and ground penetrating radar (GPR). Sensor measurements consist of an a priori unknown mixture of the objects' responses. The two sensing systems can provide different kinds of information, which are complementary and could together produce enhanced UXO discrimination in such cases. GPR can indicate the number of objects and their approximate locations and orientations. This data can then serve as prior information in EMI modeling based on the standardized excitation approximation (SEA). The method is capable of producing very fast, ultra-high fidelity renderings of each object’s response, including all effects of near and far field observation, non-uniform excitation, geometrical and material heterogeneity, and internal interactions. Given good position information, the SEA formulation inverts successfully for EMI parameters for each of the two objects, using EMI data in which their signals overlap. The values of the inferred parameters, in terms of their frequency and spatial patterns for an object's response to each basic excitation, are unique characteristics of the object and could thus serve as a basis for classification.
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Irma Shamatava, Fridon Shubitidze, Chi-Chih Chen, Hyoun-Sun Youn, Kevin O'Neill, and Keli Sun "Potential benefits of combining EMI and GPR for enhanced UXO discrimination at highly contaminated sites", Proc. SPIE 5415, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX, (21 September 2004);

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