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12 August 2004 LWIR spectral measurements of volcanic sulfur dioxide plumes
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Abstract
This work examines the process of detecting and quantifying volcanic SO2 plumes using the Airborne Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (AHI) developed by the University of Hawaii. AHI was flown over Pu'u'O'o Vent of Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii to collect data on SO2 plumes. AHI is a LWIR pushbroom imager sensitive to the 7.5 - 11.5 μ region. Spectral analysis and mapping tools were used to identify and classify the SO2 plume in both radiance and emissive space. MODTRAN was used to model the radiance observed by the sensor as it looked to the ground through an SO2 plume. A spectral library of radiance profiles with varying ground surface temperatures and SO2 concentrations was developed, and the AHI data fitted to the varying model profiles. Reasonable values of SO2 emission were obtained.
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Aimee Gail Mares, Richard Christopher Olsen, and Paul G. Lucey "LWIR spectral measurements of volcanic sulfur dioxide plumes", Proc. SPIE 5425, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery X, (12 August 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.540949
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