12 August 2004 New procedures for the calibration of COMPASS
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The Compact Airborne Spectral Sensor (COMPASS) has been flying for over a year and has gathered data in support of a variety of missions. While COMPASS is an array imaging spectrometer, the quality of the spectrometer optics and the alignment of the instrument during assembly have removed many of the sources of error often present in array imaging spectrometers, such as spectral band mis-registration, smile and keystone. Since COMPASS has begun flying, we have been studying new procedures for improving the calibration of the COMPASS sensor and array imaging spectrometers, in general. The use of the on-board calibration sources was compared to using a combination of on-board sources and a scene average, and also compared to using laboratory calibration sources. In addition, different methods for finding and removing bad detectors were investigated. The coupling of the bad detector replacement procedure with the flatfielding was also studied. We have found that bracketing the light levels in the scene is the key to reducing the effect of bad detectors. An effective method of bracketing the scene is to use the scene average for each detector as the white and the on-board dark. Alternative methods using multiple white sources are also attractive. Several examples from collected scene data will be presented and evaluated in terms of image quality in particular bands and Principal Components.
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Christopher G. Simi, Edwin M. Winter, Roberta Dixon, "New procedures for the calibration of COMPASS", Proc. SPIE 5425, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery X, (12 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.543919; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.543919

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