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9 August 2004 Multitarget tracking using multiple bistatic range measurements with probability hypothesis densities
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Ronald Mahler's Probability Hypothesis Density (PHD) provides a promising framework for the passive coherent location of targets observed via multiple bistatic radar measurements. We consider tracking targets using only range measurements from a simple non-directional receiver that exploits non-cooperative FM radio transmitters as its "illuminators of opportunity." A target cannot be located at a single point by a particular transmitter-receiver pair, but rather it is located along a bistatic range ellipse determined by the position of the target relative to the receiver and transmitter. Target location is resolved by using multiple transmitter-receiver pairs and locating the target at the intersection of the resulting bistatic ellipses. Determining the intersection of these bistatic range ellipses and resolving the resultant ghost targets is generally a complex task. However, the PHD provides a convenient and simple means of fusing together the multiple range measurements to locate targets. We incorporate signal-to-noise ratios, probabilities of detection and false alarm, and bistatic range variances into our simulation.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Martin Tobias and Aaron D. Lanterman "Multitarget tracking using multiple bistatic range measurements with probability hypothesis densities", Proc. SPIE 5429, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XIII, (9 August 2004);


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