The alternating phase-shift mask (alt. PSM) is one of the most effective approaches to improve a resolution of the 65nm logic gate structure in ArF lithography. Previously we have studied the optimization of alt. PSM in 180nm gate-pitch. In this study, we evaluated various alt. PSM in the case of 160nm gate-pitch. Using a rigorous electro-magnetic field simulation of light scattering in 3D mask topographies, we evaluated CD difference between π-phase and 0-phase space size (the π-0 CD difference), resist CD through pitch and normalized image log-slope (NILS). The parameters for our simulation were mask structure (shallow trench depth (ST), undercut size (UC), space bias, Chrome (Cr) CD, pitch, phase shift depth) and ArF exposure condition (NA, sigma, defocus). From the results of simulation, it turned out that single trench structures with UC and/or space bias showed the good intensity balance through defocus. We compared the simulation results with the AIMS fab193 (Carl Zeiss) results and found there was no large difference. The combination of UC and space bias could be chosen as suitable structure for 160nm gate-pitch.