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1 September 2004 Minimized deterioration of ultrashort pulses in quantum dot optical amplifiers
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The dynamics of ultrashort pulses propagating in a quantum dot amplifier is determined by a complex nonlinear coupling and dynamic interplay of light fields and carriers in the spatially inhomogeneous quantum dot ensemble. Computational modeling shows that in spite of the large complexity the strong localization of the carrier inversion and the low amplitude phase coupling may allow the amplification and transmission of ultrahort light pulses with minimum deterioration of the pulse properties (e.g. pulse shape, duration). The theoretical description is based on spatially resolved Quantum Dot Maxwell-Bloch equations that describe the spatio-temporal light field and inter-/intra-level carrier dynamics in each quantum dot of a typical quantum dot ensemble. In particular, this includes spontaneous luminescence, counterpropagation of amplified spontaneous emission and induced recombination as well as carrier diffusion in the wetting layer of the laser. Intradot scattering via emission and absorption of phonons, as well as the scattering with the carriers and phonons of the surrounding wetting layer are dynamically included on a mesoscopic level. Spatial fluctuations in size and energy levels of the quantum dots and irregularities in the spatial distribution of the quantum dots in the active layer are simulated via statistical methods. Simulation results of the nonlinear pulse propagation in quantum dot optical amplifiers allow visualization and interpretation of fundamental nonlinear processes such as selective depletion and re-filling of quantum dot energy levels leading to a complex gain and index dynamics that affect the amplitude and phase of a propagating light pulse. Computational modelling thus may lay the foundation for an optimization and tayloring of pulse properties.
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Edeltraud Gehrig and Ortwin G. Hess "Minimized deterioration of ultrashort pulses in quantum dot optical amplifiers", Proc. SPIE 5452, Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics, (1 September 2004);

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