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1 September 2004 High-efficiency volume holograms recording on acrylamide and N,N'methylene-bis-acrylamide photopolymer with pulsed laser
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In order to achieve higher diffraction efficiencies of the volume gratings stored in acrylamide based photopolymer, we introduce in the photopolymer a crosslinker (N,N'methylene-bis-acrylamide). The presence of this component increase the rate polymerization and the modulation of refraction index. The recording was performed using a holographic copying process. The original was a grating of 1000 lines/mm processed using silver halide sensitized gelatine, with diffraction efficiency around 50 % for a reconstruction wavelength of 532 nm. The main beam was split in two secondary beams by the original grating, with an intensity ratio 1:1. The results obtained using the new composition of material are compared with the composition without crosslinker. In the other hand the no linearity of the material's response is also studied comparing the energetic sensitivity, diffraction efficiencies and index modulation of gratings recorded with pulsed and continuous laser. This study is realized fitting the angular scan of each grating using Kogelnik's theory. The gratings are recorded with wavelength of 532 nm when pulsed exposure is used and with wavelength of 514 nm when continues exposure is used. Using pulsed laser at 532 nm the photopolymer without crosslinker presents the diffraction efficiencies lightly smaller than 60%. In the other hand when the crosslinker has been introduced in photopolymer composition, the diffraction efficiencies achieves are higher than 85 %.
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Sergi Gallego, Manuel Ortuno, Celia Garcia, Cristian Neipp, Augusto Belendez, and Inmaculada V. Pascual "High-efficiency volume holograms recording on acrylamide and N,N'methylene-bis-acrylamide photopolymer with pulsed laser", Proc. SPIE 5456, Photon Management, (1 September 2004);

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