We consider the use of feedback control during a measurement to increase the rate at which a quantum system is purified, and more generally the rate at which near-pure states may be prepared. We derive the optimal bang-bang algorithm for rapid state preparation from an initial completely mixed state when the measurement basis is unrestricted, and evaluate its performance numerically. We also consider briefly the case in which the measurement basis is fixed with respect to the state to be prepared, and describe the qualitative structure of the optimal bang-bang algorithm.
Kurt A. Jacobs, Kurt A. Jacobs,
"Optimal feedback control for rapid preparation of a qubit", Proc. SPIE 5468, Fluctuations and Noise in Photonics and Quantum Optics II, (25 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.547012; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.547012