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2 July 1985 Effect Of Small Wavefront Errors And Aperture Obscurations On System Image Quality
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Proceedings Volume 0549, Image Quality: An Overview; (1985)
Event: 1985 Technical Symposium East, 1985, Arlington, United States
Quite frequently, an otherwise rational individual will produce an optical system performance specification that is virtually unachievable due to either diffraction effects, manufacturing limitations or both. This paper presents several examples of perfect and near perfect optical systems, demonstrating the effect that small residual wavefront errors have on system image quality. Also examined is the effect of diffraction phenomena when an aperture obscuration of significant dimensions is present. Image quality has been evaluated in two ways. First, the Line Spread Function is examined in order to demonstrate the effect in terms of basic image sharpness. Second, the Modulation Transfer Function has been generated for each case in order to show the effect in terms of image contrast and overall system resolution. Results indicate that diffraction effects, particularly when an aperture obscuration is present, and small residual wavefront errors will have a significant effect on final system performance. In order to realistically evaluate the impact of this image quality degradation, one must carefully consider the ultimate function of the system.
© (1985) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bruce H. Walker "Effect Of Small Wavefront Errors And Aperture Obscurations On System Image Quality", Proc. SPIE 0549, Image Quality: An Overview, (2 July 1985);


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