25 October 2004 First complete seasonal variation study of the 3D optical turbulence above San Pedro Martir Observatory
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Abstract
The first complete seasonal variation study extended over 1 year (~80 nights uniformly distributed along twelve months) of all the principal astroclimatic parameters (CN2, seeing ε, wavefront coherence time τO, isoplanatic angle θ0, scintillation rate σI2, isoplanatic angle for the MCAO θM - where M is the number of the deformable mirrors DMs - M=1,2,3,...) simulated with an atmospherical model (Meso-Nh) above the San Pedro Martir Observatory is presented. The atmospherical model run in an autonomous way to simulate CN2 and wind speed vertical profiles (over ~20 km) related to the 80 nights after it has been calibrated with the support of a few CN2 measurements. All the integrated parameters are calculated using these two basic elements and general seasonal trends are put in evidence. The impact of our results on the adaptive optics techniques (AO) is discussed as well as the potentialities of the numerical simulations as a new tool for the climatologic analysis of the optical turbulence above astronomical sites.
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Elena Masciadri, Sebastian E. Egner, "First complete seasonal variation study of the 3D optical turbulence above San Pedro Martir Observatory", Proc. SPIE 5490, Advancements in Adaptive Optics, (25 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.550777; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.550777
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