20 October 2004 Direct detection of the disk around HR 4049
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Abstract
We present direct detections of the spatial extent of the circumbinary disk around HR 4049 and its companion. Observations were obtained with the ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer using the VLT Interferometric Commissioning Instrument (VINCI) at 2 micron and the Mid Infrared Instrument (MIDI) between 8 and 12 micron. A single uniform disk model fit to the VINCI data gives an angular diameter of 27 milli-arcseconds. After taking into account the contribution from an unresolved central star we find that the observed visibilities indicate a second component with a spatial extent of 37 milli-arcseconds (which is identified as the circumbinary disk). The MIDI interferometric spectra show features which are due to PAH emission lines (8.6 and 11.3 micron). The visibilities of the emission lines indicate that the spatial extent in the lines (50 to 60 milli-arcseconds) is larger than in the continuum (35 to 45 milli-arcseconds). This leads us to propose a three emission components model to explain the interferometric observations: a central unresolved star, a 37 milli-arcseconds circumbinary disk and polar lobes emitting in the PAH bands with a size of 50 to 60 milli-arcseconds.
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Eric J. Bakker, Eric J. Bakker, Jeffrey A. Meisner, Jeffrey A. Meisner, Isabelle Percheron, Isabelle Percheron, Carsten Dominik, Carsten Dominik, } "Direct detection of the disk around HR 4049", Proc. SPIE 5491, New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, (20 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.549277; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.549277
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