30 September 2004 The cryo-mechanical design of SCUBA-2: a wide-field imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope
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Abstract
The SCUBA-2 instrument is a new wide-field imager under development for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope on Mauna Kea in Hawaii and due to be operational in 2006. The instrument has two separate focal planes and is designed to observe simultaneously at wavelengths of 450 and 850μm. The instrument cryostat will weigh around 2500kg and has a volume of approximately 2.4x1.8x2.0m. The two detector arrays are operated at ~100mK and are surrounded by a cold enclosure at ~1K. Both the arrays and cold enclosure are cooled by a novel, liquid cryogen-free dilution refrigerator. To reduce the thermal background on the arrays to a minimum the main optics structure, weighing in excess of 450kg, must be cooled to less than 15K. A pair of low vibration pulse tube coolers are used to cool this structure and a radiation shield at ~60K. This paper describes the cryo-mechanical design of SCUBA-2 and discusses some of the issues and techniques needed to both cool the instrument within a reasonable timescale, and operate it in the required temperature regime
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David Gostick, Dave Montgomery, Bob Wall, Helen McGregor, Mark Cliffe, Adam Woodcraft, Fred Gannaway, "The cryo-mechanical design of SCUBA-2: a wide-field imager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope", Proc. SPIE 5492, Ground-based Instrumentation for Astronomy, (30 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.551749; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.551749
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Camera shutters

Sensors

Mirrors

Telescopes

Cryogenics

Imaging systems

Aluminum

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