8 October 2004 Ball Aerospace 4-10 K space cryocoolers
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Abstract
This paper describes the design, development, testing and performance at Ball Aerospace of long life, 4-10 K temperature space cryocoolers. For temperatures down to 10 K, Ball has developed long life Stirling cycle cryocoolers. For temperatures to 4 K and below, Ball has developed a hybrid Stirling/J-T (Joule-Thomson) cooler. The hybrid cooler has been verified in test to 3.5 K on a Ball program and a 6 K Development Model is in development on the NASA/JPL ACTDP (Advanced Cryocooler Technology Development Program). The Ball ACTDP cooler Development Model will be tested in 2005. The ACTDP cooler provides simultaneous cooling at 6 K (typically, for either doped Si detectors or as a sub-Kelvin precooler) and 18 K (typically, for optics or shielding) with cooling stages also available at 40 and 180 K (typically, for thermal shields or other components). The ACTDP cooler is under development for the NASA JWST (James Webb Space Telescope), TPF (Terrestrial Planet Finder), and Con-X (Constellation X-Ray) missions. The 4-10 K Coolers are highly leveraged off previous Ball space coolers including multiple life test and flight units.
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D. S. Glaister, D. S. Glaister, W. Gully, W. Gully, R. Ross, R. Ross, R. Stack, R. Stack, E. Marquardt, E. Marquardt, } "Ball Aerospace 4-10 K space cryocoolers", Proc. SPIE 5498, Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, (8 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.552059; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.552059
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