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10 November 2004 Electromodulation studies of a polyfluorene light-emitting diode
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Electromodulation (EM) spectroscopy has been used to probe the electric field distribution in polymer light-emitting diodes. Below the turn-on bias, the EM spectrum is dominated by electroabsorption of the emissive layer. The electroabsorption signal vanishes at the turn-on bias. Under operation, the EM spectrum is due to by excited state absorption from injected charge and bleaching of the ground state absorption of the emissive layer. We conclude that the internal electric field is effectively screened by accumulation of trapped electrons at the anode.
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Paul A. Lane, Paul J. Brewer, Donal D.C. Bradley, Andrew de Mello, and John C. de Mello "Electromodulation studies of a polyfluorene light-emitting diode", Proc. SPIE 5519, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices VIII, (10 November 2004);

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