26 October 2004 A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging
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Optical signatures of tumor cells may be generated by expression of reporter genes encoding bioluminescent/fluorescent proteins. Bioluminescent imaging is a novel technique that identifies such light sources from the light flux detected on the surface of a small animal. This technique can effectively evaluate tumor cell growth and regression in response to various therapies in medical research, drug development and gene therapy. In this paper, the diffusion approximation is employed to describe the propagation of photons through biological tissues. Then, a practical method is proposed for localizing and quantifying bioluminescent sources from external bioluminescent signals. This method incorporates prior knowledge on permissible source regions, and transforms the inverse bioluminescent problem into a finite element-based constrained optimization procedure. This approach is validated and evaluated with ideal and noise data in numerical simulation.
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Wenxiang Cong, Wenxiang Cong, Durairaj Kumar, Durairaj Kumar, Yi Liu, Yi Liu, Alexander Cong, Alexander Cong, Ge Wang, Ge Wang, } "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging", Proc. SPIE 5535, Developments in X-Ray Tomography IV, (26 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.560524; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.560524

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