4 November 2004 Beryllium parabolic refractive x-ray lenses
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Parabolic refractive x-ray lenses are novel optical components for the hard x-ray range from about 5 keV to about 120 keV. They focus in both directions. They are compact, robust, and easy to align and to operate. They can be used like glass lenses are used for visible light, the main difference being that the numerical aperture N A is much smaller than 1 (of order 10-4 to 10-3). Their main applications are in micro- and nanofocusing, in imaging by absorption and phase contrast. In combination with tomography they allow for 3-dimensional imaging of opaque media with sub-micrometer resolution. Finally, they can be used in speckle spectroscopy by means of coherent x-ray scattering. Beryllium as lens material strongly enhances the transmission and the field of view as compared to aluminium. With increased N A the lateral resolution is also considerably improved with Be lenses. References to a number of applications are given.
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Bruno Lengeler, Bruno Lengeler, Christian G. Schroer, Christian G. Schroer, Marion Kuhlmann, Marion Kuhlmann, Boris Benner, Boris Benner, Til Florian Gunzler, Til Florian Gunzler, Olga Kurapova, Olga Kurapova, Federico Zontone, Federico Zontone, Anatoly A. Snigirev, Anatoly A. Snigirev, Irina I. Snigireva, Irina I. Snigireva, } "Beryllium parabolic refractive x-ray lenses", Proc. SPIE 5539, Design and Microfabrication of Novel X-Ray Optics II, (4 November 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.559743; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.559743


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