26 October 2004 Meteosat third generation: user requirements and sensors concept
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Abstract
Following the successful commissioning of the first Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) series, EUMETSAT and the European Space Agency (ESA) are actively preparing the Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) mission to plan for a future operational geostationary meteorological satellite system in the post 2015 time frame. Early user consultation activities of EUMETSAT and ESA for the MTG mission culminated with a user consultation workshop held in November 2001. The User Consultation Process was devoted to the definition and consolidation of end user requirements and priorities in the field of Medium/Short Range global and regional Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP), Nowcasting and Very Short Term Weather Forecasting (NWC) and to the definition of the relevant observation techniques. Studies on potential observation techniques and sensor concepts have been initiated, covering three distinct imagery missions dedicated to operational meteorology, with emphasis on nowcasting and very short term forecasting and two sounding missions: - The high resolution fast imagery mission aiming at 5 minutes revisit time with 0.5 km resolution - The full disk high spectral resolution imagery mission with a large number of spectral channels and with high radiometric performance - The lighting imagery mission, capable of detecting very low energy events with high reliability - The infrared sounding mission supporting NWP through the provision of atmospheric motion vectors and temperature and water vapour profiles - The UV/VIS/SWIR sounding mission dedicated to atmospheric chemistry The paper describes the MTG user requirements and the preliminary instruments concept, with emphasis on the observation missions.
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Jean-Loup Bezy, Donny Aminou, Paolo Bensi, Rolf Stuhlmann, Stephen Tjemkes, Antonio Rodriguez, "Meteosat third generation: user requirements and sensors concept", Proc. SPIE 5542, Earth Observing Systems IX, (26 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.559699; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.559699
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