4 November 2004 Optical implementations of threshold decomposition and morphological operations with dual-rail processing
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Fast parallel processing of gray-scale images and exact hard-clip thresholding are two important functionalities necessary in optoelectronic implementations of structural processors. The parallel nature of processing stems from optical implementation of local operations with arrays of active smart pixels. We have demonstrated a morphological image processor composed of arrays of bistable optoelectronic transceivers which are connected in differential pairs and work as comparators. The use of differential pairs of optical thyristors fabricated in GaAs technology allows to realize a dual rail architecture for this photonic morphological image processor. The processor consists of a thresholding module and a binary morphological processing module. The thresholding module decomposes gray level images into series of binary slices. In the binary morphological processing module operations are performed within a neighborhood defined by a structuring element implemented as a diffractive fan-out element. In the prototype set-up we demonstrate median filtering, dilation and erosion operations performed for an image of 8x8 pixels and threshold decomposition of 6 gray level images. In principle all rank order as well as morphological filters can be optically calculated in the set-up. Additional functionality of the processor is achieved with use of the electronic layer with digital cellular processors. The electronic layer, designed as an array of simple digital processors, realizes a set of operations on binary images using 4 bit programmable weights. Simulation results for 0.8 µm CMOS technology are presented. We discuss the limitations of the photonic morphological image processing with respect to bandwidth, parallelism and architecture of the processor.
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Ryszard R. Buczynski, Ryszard R. Buczynski, Tomasz Szoplik, Tomasz Szoplik, Hugo Thienpont, Hugo Thienpont, } "Optical implementations of threshold decomposition and morphological operations with dual-rail processing", Proc. SPIE 5556, Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing VI, (4 November 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.560572; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.560572

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