9 December 2004 Holographic recording of 2D photonic crystals in photosensitized PMMA
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
Volume phase hologography is used for the recording of refractive index patterns with the symmetry of a photonic crystal. As a recording material solid plates of PMMA, containing up to 10 wt% of residual monomer MMA doped with the photoinitiator titanocendichloride have been used. The mechanism for the formation of the desired refractive index pattern is the photoinduced residual polymerisation. The 2-dimensional patterns have been recorded in 2 subsequent steps using a 2-beam holgaphic setup. In a first step the recording process has been characterized for a single volume phase holographic grating with the grating constant Λ1. The recording procedure is optimized towards a short term exposure period of the order of a few seconds, followed by self-developing period. While the first pattern is developing the sample may be turned by an arbitrary angle Φ and a second volume phase grating with a different lattice constant Λ2 can be recorded. If e.g. an orthogonal crystalline symmetry is desired, the angle Φ will be chosen as Φ = 90°. After recording of the second grating the sample is developed and fixed by a thermal treatment. The obtained 2-D crystals are characterized using a goniometer with 2 rotary stages by the evaluation of the diffraction patterns. The different diffracted orders may be indexed according to their (h,k) Miller´s indices.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Rafael Meinhardt, Ansgar Draude, Hilmar Franke, Roger A. Lessard, "Holographic recording of 2D photonic crystals in photosensitized PMMA", Proc. SPIE 5578, Photonics North 2004: Photonic Applications in Astronomy, Biomedicine, Imaging, Materials Processing, and Education, (9 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.562602; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.562602
PROCEEDINGS
15 PAGES


SHARE
Back to Top