9 December 2004 The Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite (NEOSSat)
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Abstract
Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) are collaborating to place a microsatellite in low earth orbit to perform optical detection and tracking of both inner-earth orbiting asteroids and earth-orbiting satellites and debris (i.e., "Resident Space Objects", RSOs). The "Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite (NEOSSat)" will be the first mission for the CSA multi-mission microsatellite bus program, and is intended by DRDC to demonstrate the military utility of this small and inexpensive class of spacecraft. The mission will obtain metric positions, for geosynchronous satellites, to within ±500 m, timestamps accurate to within a millisecond, and be sensitive to objects in geosynchronous orbit down to 14th magnitude. The asteroid tracking mission will repeatedly survey the area from ±45-70° solar elongation with the aim of finding >50% of all inner-earth asteroids having diameters greater than 1 km.
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Brad Wallace, Frank Lauchie Pinkney, Robert Scott, Donald Bedard, Jim Rody, Martin P. Levesque, Sylvie Buteau, Tom Racey, Doug Burrell, Aaron Spaans, Alan Hildebrand, "The Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite (NEOSSat)", Proc. SPIE 5578, Photonics North 2004: Photonic Applications in Astronomy, Biomedicine, Imaging, Materials Processing, and Education, (9 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.567077; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.567077
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