8 December 2004 Life Cycle Assessment as a tool for water management optimization in textile finishing industry
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Proceedings Volume 5583, Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing IV; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.568283
Event: Optics East, 2004, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Abstract
In several countries, due to the increasing cost and shortage of water, textile finishing industries are looking for non conventional water resources. The use of reclaimed wastewater appears a technically feasible solution and is gaining a growing consensus. A European Union research project (TOWEF0, Towards effluent zero) with the aim of elaborating a multicriteria integrated and coherent methodology to support the implementation of sustainable water reuse in textile finishing processes has been recently concluded. In order to achieve an optimal compromise between minimization of environmental impacts of the production processes and maximum recovery of resources, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology has been applied to selected textile products manufactured within Belgian and Italian textile finishing companies. The study identified the key environmental issues within the finishing processes of a variety of natural (cotton, silk) and man-made (polyester, acetate, viscose) fibers and fabrics and analyzed alternative water reuse scenarios. Significant margins exist for impressive reductions in water consumption with almost no additional environmental impact adopting in situ membrane filtration technology. In this paper the methodological approach and the results of the LCA analyses applied to a flax-polyester product are presented and discussed.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mario Tarantini, Mario Tarantini, Simona Scalbi, Simona Scalbi, Monica Misceo, Monica Misceo, Simona Verità, Simona Verità, } "Life Cycle Assessment as a tool for water management optimization in textile finishing industry", Proc. SPIE 5583, Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing IV, (8 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.568283; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.568283
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