14 December 2004 Intrinsic chemical sensor fibers for extended-length chlorine detection
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Proceedings Volume 5589, Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications III; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.605489
Event: Optics East, 2004, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
A fiber optic chlorine sensor having its entire length as the sensing element is reported here. The fiber consists of a silica core and a chlorine-sensitive cladding. Upon exposure to chlorine, the cladding very rapidly changes color resulting in attenuation of the light throughput of the fiber. A two-meter portion of sensor fiber responds to 10-ppm chlorine in milliseconds and to 1 ppm in several seconds. Furthermore, response to 100 ppb chlorine is realized in minutes. The high sensitivity suggests that the propagating modes of the light interact strongly with the cladding, and that these interactions are massively increased (Beers Law) due to the extended sensor length. The sensitivity to 1 ppm chlorine gas as a function of the length of fiber exposed between 0.3-30 meters is presented. The sensitivity to concentrations of chlorine from 0.1ppm-10ppm has been determined for a fixed 2 meter length of fiber. Pre-exposure fiber attenuation measures 70 dB/km (@ 633 nm) making it possible to detect chlorine on a continuous length of fiber on the scale of one hundred meters or more using standard detection methods (e.g. laser and photodetectors). This will replace the need of having a collection of point-detectors to cover large areas.
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Steven R. Cordero, David Ruiz, Weijie Huang, Leonard G. Cohen, and Robert A. Lieberman "Intrinsic chemical sensor fibers for extended-length chlorine detection", Proc. SPIE 5589, Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications III, (14 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.605489; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.605489

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