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8 December 2004 Peltier-actuated microvalves: performance characterization
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Proceedings Volume 5591, Lab-on-a-Chip: Platforms, Devices, and Applications; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.578367
Event: Optics East, 2004, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Abstract
Valves for microfluidic systems have, for various reasons, proven to be difficult to fabricate, cumbersome to operate, and/or unreliable. We have explored the performance of a novel microfluidic valve formed by creating a flow channel past a Peltier junction. Using the Peltier junction as a thermoelectric cooler causes the fluid in the valve to freeze, forming a plug that blocks flow through the valve. Reversing the current in the Peltier junction causes the fluid to melt, reopening the valve. This type of valve is fundamentally leak-free, has no moving parts, and is electrically actuated. We have fabricated an experimental prototype capable of closing in less than one second, and of opening substantially faster. We have also developed a finite-element thermal model of the valve, and exercised it to optimize valve design. An optimized valve is predicted to have a cycle time on the order of 10 ms.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Richard P. Welle, Brian S. Hardy, and Michael J. O'Brien "Peltier-actuated microvalves: performance characterization", Proc. SPIE 5591, Lab-on-a-Chip: Platforms, Devices, and Applications, (8 December 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.578367
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