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25 October 2004 Optical and electrical approaches for reduction of polarization mode dispersion limitations
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This paper presents different approaches to enable high-speed transmission of 10 Gbit/s and beyond on polarization mode dispersion (PMD) limited fibers. An introduction to the phenomenon of PMD and its impact on system performance is presented. An overview of common optical PMD mitigation methods and their basic concept is given, including the problem of multi-channel PMD compensation schemes for WDM systems. Furthermore alternative methods like polarization scrambling, forward error correction and electrical mitigation are considered. Bit error rate (BER) determined by error counting is used as quantification for PMD induced outages and a comparison to eye opening penalty (EOP) based performance evaluation is given. The performance of basic PMD mitigation schemes is compared by using the EOP and the BER based outage criterion.
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Knut Schumacher, Stefan Boehm, Thomas Merker, and Peter Meissner "Optical and electrical approaches for reduction of polarization mode dispersion limitations", Proc. SPIE 5596, Optical Transmission Systems and Equipment for WDM Networking III, (25 October 2004);

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