Changes in discs after Er-Yag laser irradiation are scarcely reported. We made an experimental study using white rabbits and Er-Yag laser. Under general anesthesia, Er-Yag laser was irradiated into lumbar discs. Three or 8 weeks after irradiation, rabbits were sacrificed, and these discs were extracted. The quantitative analysis of the glycosaminoglycan content in the annulus fibrosus, and the incorporation of 35S-sulfate in chondroitin 4 sulfate were measured. The results showed, the increased incorporation of 35S-sulfate in chondroitin 4 sulfate and chondroitin 6 sulfates in groups of laser irradiation may indicate Er-Yag laser irradiation in nucleus pulposus, accelerated glycosaminoglycan production, in the annulus fibrosus. But no difference of unsaturated isomers of chondroitin 4 sulfate, and chondroitin 6 sulfate, and no difference of saturated isomer of keratan sulfate indicate, the influence of Er-Yag laser irradiation was not so high, as to bring the quantitative changes of matrix of annulus fibrosus in term of 8 weeks.